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IL disability lawyerThere are situations where Social Security may award disability benefits but fix a different onset date than alleged by the applicant. The alleged onset date is basically the day you became unable to work due to your physical or mental impairments. This date is important because, under Social Security regulations, a successful applicant can claim up to 12 months of retroactive benefits from the date of their application.

In other words, let's say Mary filed for disability benefits in January 2018 with an alleged onset date of June 2017. If Social Security subsequently grants the application and agrees with the onset date, Mary would be entitled to retroactive benefits starting in November 2017, or five months after the alleged onset date. (Social Security imposes a five-month waiting period for all disability benefits.)

Magistrate Finds Social Security's Reasons Unclear for Disagreeing with Plaintiff's Alleged Onset Date

If Social Security grants your application but disagrees with your alleged onset date, you can appeal the latter decision. Social Security must then show why it determined the applicant did not become legally disabled until a different date than alleged.

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b2ap3_thumbnail_diagnosis.jpgIn Social Security disability cases, agency officials are not allowed to “play doctor.” Instead, administrative law judges (ALJs) are expected to look at the medical evidence presented to them. And if two doctors offer different medical assessments of a disability applicant, it is the ALJ's job to resolve that conflict.

ALJ Unable to Resolve Cause of Disability Applicant's “Exploding Head Syndrome”

Here is a recent Illinois disability case, John L. v. Berryhill, where the ALJ did not do that. In this case, the plaintiff applied for Social Security disability benefits seven years ago. At a 2015 hearing, an ALJ considered medical evidence related to the plaintiff's sleep parasomnia, i.e., his sleep disorder.

A sleep specialist diagnosed the plaintiff with “possible exploding head syndrome.” This refers to a rare type of parasomnia “in which affected individuals awaken from sleep with the sensation of a loud bang,” according to a 2013 report from the National Institutes of Health. The plaintiff told the specialist that he “heard sounds when he was sleepy 4 to 5 times a day or when he shifted his attention.”

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